Sexually Transmitted Diseases/STDs/List of STDs

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Hello everyone,In this section I m going to discuss very important NCERT biology book topic STDs or sexually transmitted diseases.I will explain this topic both in english and hindi.Besides of these you will get very high level standard  question and answer at the  end related to this topic.

 

        What is STDs/Types of STDs

STD

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

 
·Diseases or infections which are transmitted through sexual intercourse are collectively called sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or venereal diseases (VD) or reproductive tract infections (RTI).Explain above paragrap
 
Explain above paragraph
 
In English 
 Any disease or illness spread by sexual relationship is called STDs or Venereal disease(VD)or reproductive tract infection(RTI)
In Hindi
Koi bhi bimari jo sexual sambhand kai duwara ek insan se dusre insan tak failata hai wese bimari ko  sexually transmitted disease (STDs)or venereal disease(VD) or reproductive tract infection(RTI)
 
Diffirent types of /sexually/ Transmmitted Diseases(STDs)
 
Gonorrhoea
 
Syphilis
 
Genital herpes
 
Chlamydiasis
 
Genital warts
 
Trichomoniasis
 
Hepatitis-B
 
HIV
 
Human papillomavirus(HPV)
 
The most discussed infection in the recent years, HIV leading to AIDS are some of the common STDs. Among these, HIV infection is most dangerous.
 
HIV & Hepatitis- B can also be transmitted by sharing of injection
 
Some of these infection like hepatitis B and HIV can also be transmitted by sharing of an injection needles, surgical instruments etc., with infected persons transfusion of blood, or from an infected mother to the foetus too.
 
Except for hepatitis-B, genital herpes and HIV infection, other diseases are completely curable if detected early and treated properly.
 
Explain above paragraph 
 
In English
 
•Recent years AIDS became very common STDs because of HIV
•HIV and hepatitis B can be also  transmitted through an injection needles,surgical instruments etc
•Through blood transfusion HIV or Hepatitis B are easily transfer from an infected person to a healthy person.
•HIV, hepatitis B and genital herpes are not curable or unable to treated
•But others disease like gonorrhoea, Human papillomavirus(HPV), trichomoniasis,chlamydiasis and syphilis are curable if detected erly and treated properly.
 
In Hindi
 
•Hal filhal kai saalo mai AIDS bahut hi aam STDs bangiya hai aur ah AIADS HIV kai  karan hota hai
•HIV and hepatitis B, ak hi injection needles ko ak infected person se dusre healthy person kai sath share karne se fail sakta hai ya koi dusra surgical instruments se bhi
•Ak infected person kai blood ko dusre person pr transfusion karne se ah disease asaani fail sakta hai
•HIV,hepatitis B and genital herpes ka eilaaj or treatment nhi hai
•But bhut sare STDs jaise gonorrhoea, Human papillomavirus(HPV), trichomoniasis,chlamydiasis and syphilis  en disease ko complete elaaj or  treatment hai agar ese suru mai hi es ka pata chal jaye or eska sahj elaj kiya jaye to
 
Symptoms
 
Early symptoms of most of these are minor and include Itching, fluid discharge, slight pain, swellings,etc., in the genital region.
 
Infected females may often be asymptomatic and hence, may remain undetected for long.
 
Absence or less significant symptoms in the early stages of infection and the social stigma attached to the STDs, deter the infected persons from going for timely detection and proper treatment.

Explain above paragraph 
 
In English 
 
•Early symptoms are  less like Itching, fluid discharge, slight pain, swelling  etc in genital region(region below the lower abdomen)
•It may be Asymptomatic for long time (asymptomatic means,infected person does not appears any symptoms)
•Early stages symptoms are no or less
 
In Hindi 
 
•Early symptoms nahi kay barabar hota hai jisme Itching,fluid discharge,slight pain,swellings etc jo genital region mai hota hai
•Ah lambe time kai liye Asymptomatic(bimari hone par oska lakhshan na dikhe) rah sakta hai 
•Surwati awastha mai bhut hi kam ya na ke barabar eska symptoms nazar aata hai 
 
What happend if it is not detected in the early stages?
 
This could lead to complications later, which included pelvic inflammatory diseases (PID),abortions, still births,ectopic pregnancies infertility or even cancer of the reproductive tract.
 
STDs are a major threat to a healthy society. Therefore, prevention or early detection and cure of these diseases are given prime consideration under the reproductive health-care programmes.
 
 
Thought all persons are vulnerable to these infections, their incidences are reported to be very high among persons in the age group of 15-24 years the age group to which you also belong.

 

 
Explain above paragraphs 
 
In english 
 
•If It is not detected in the early could leads to complications later like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), abortions, still birth, ectopic pregnancy, infertility  or even cancer of reproductive tract.
 
• STDs are serious threat to a healthy society,under the reproductive health care programmes people may awareness about STDs
 
•Although all types of age group people infected of these STDs but in age group 15-24 years are reported to be very highly.
 
 In Hindi 
 
•Agar ese surwati dour mai hi pata na lagaya hate to ah aage chalkar kafi complications ho sakta hai, jaise pelvic inflammatory disease(PID), abortion, still birth, ectopic pregnancy, infertility, yehatak ki reproductive tract ka cancer bhi ho sakta hai.
 
•Ek healthy society kai liye STDs kafi ghatak sabit ho sakra hai, society ki jagrukta kai liye government duwara Reproductive health care programmes chalaya jata hai
 
•Halaki STDs se sabhi trah kai age group kai logo infected hote hai but 15-24 years age groups kai logo mai ah adhik paye jane laga hai
 
 
There is no reason to panic because prevention is possible. One could be free of these infections by following the simple principles given belo
 
(i)Avoid sex with no unknown partners/multiple partners.
 
(ii)Always use condoms during coitus.
 
(iii)In case of suspicion , one should go to a qualified doctor for early detection and get complete treatment if diagnosed with disease on time.
 
 
 
 
 

MCQ STDs

1 From the sexually transmitted disease mentioned below identify the which does not specifically affect the sex organs

(a)Syphilis

(c)Gonorrhoea

(b)AIDS

(d)Genital warts

2 which of the following is not a sexually transmitted disease

(a) Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

(c) Encephalitis

(b) Trichomoniases

(d) Syphilis

3 One of these causes the nonegonococcal urethritis

(a) Treponema pallidum

(c) Chlamydia trachomatis

(b) Neisseria gonorrhoeae

(d) HSV-I

4 Profuse, yellowish, greenish,frothy smelling discharge from the vegina is due to infection of

(a) Troponema pallidum

(c) Trichomonas vaginalis

(b) Chlamydia

(d) Neisseria

5 Genital warts are due to sexually transmitted disease spread by

(a) Herpes virus

(c) Hepatitis A

(b) Papilloma virus

(d) Trichomonas

6 The sexually transmitted disease, that can affect both the male and female genitals and may damage the eyes of babies born of infected mother is

(a) AIDS

(c) Gonorrhoea

(b) Syphilis

(d) Hepatitis

7 Which one of the following currently matches a sexually transmitted disease with its pathogen

(a)Urethritis –Bacillus anthracis

(c)Syphilis –Treponema pallidum

(b)Soft sore-Bacillus brevis

(d)Gonorrhoea-Entamoeba histolytica

8 Which one of the following groups including are sexually transmitted disease

(a)AIDS,syphilis, cholera

(c) Gonorrhoea, hepatitis-B, Chlamydiasis

(b)HIV, malaria, trichomoniasis

(d) Hepatitis-B,haemophilia,AIDS

9 Which one of the following statement is correct regarding Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)

( a) A person may contact syphilis by sharing milk with one already suffering from the disease

(c) Genital herpes and sickle-cell anaemia are both STD

(b) Haemophilia is one of the STD

(d) The chance of a five years baby contacting a STD are very little.

10 Match the following sexually transmitted disease (Columbus I )with their causative agent (column II) and select the correct option

Colum-I

(A) Gonorrhoea

(B) Syphilis

(C)Genital Warts

(D)AIDS

Column II

(i) HIV

(ii)Neisseria

(iii)Treponema

(iv)Human Papilloma – virus

OPTIONS

(A) (B) (C) ( D)

(a) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)

(b) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(c) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

(d) (iv) (iiii) (ii) (i)

11 It is a disease mainly affect the mucous membrane of the urinogenital track. IN male burning feeling on passing urine, after a yellow discharge occurs, that is the accompanied by fever, headache and feeling of illness.Its name is

(a) AIDS

(c) Gonorrhoea

(b)Syphilis

(d)Hepatitis

Answer MCQ STDs

1-b 2-c 3-c 4-c 5-b 6-c 7-c 8-c 9-a 10-a 11-c


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